Over the years land policies implemented to facilitate land administration have not delivered a robust property registration system. These have resulted in title insecurity, high cost of registration, encroachment, land disputes, multiple registrations of residential lands, and general land market indiscipline. These inefficiencies have stifled business development and land-related investments.
The Land Administration Programme (LAP) was implemented in 2003 to strengthen land administration, harmonize customary and statutory laws and minimize disputes associated with the land. Nonetheless, digitization of the land administration, institutional synergies, effective parcel demarcation, transactional cost, and access to clear information on property ownership and security of title remain a constraint in land administration in Ghana. A critical analysis and stakeholder engagement was conducted to identify the challenges to property registration and solutions to effectively implement the reforms under the Land Administration Project.
The findings suggest that the surest way to creating an efficient and transparent land market is through enhanced access to information, decentralized formal property registration systems, and building the relevant infrastructure to record and protect land information.